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Chapter 6 First-Year Curriculum 32 results (showing 5 best matches)
- In addition to the substantive courses, in most law schools the first-year curriculum includes a course on legal research and legal writing. The legal research portion of the course introduces students to the
- The first year of law school is designed to introduce law students to the analytical skills discussed in the prior chapter, which are referred to as “thinking like a lawyer.” This is typically done in several broad conceptual courses that form the foundation for many of the advanced courses that may be taken in the second and third years of law school. In most law schools, all or nearly all of your first-year courses will be required. Even in law schools that permit an elective course in the first year, you probably will be limited to only a few elective courses. All the students in your required first-year courses will be first-year students like yourself (referred to as 1Ls in many law schools).
- At most law schools, the first-year curriculum includes courses in the following broad conceptual subjects: civil procedure, constitutional law, contracts, criminal law, property, and torts. In some schools, criminal procedure or legislation may be added to that list, and one or more of the subjects may be moved to a later year. In addition, many law schools include an introduction to law course that covers a variety of subjects to introduce students to the legal process.
- In some law schools, records are not kept for grades that are given in the first semester of the first year. The purpose of such a policy is to give all students some time to learn the skills of critical analysis and of writing law exams before their permanent law school academic record is established. Before the school year begins, you should investigate your school’s policy.
- The system of grading varies considerably from law school to law school, so it is difficult to be specific about what you will experience. A few generalizations can be made, however.
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Chapter 13 Other Activities During the First Year 40 results (showing 5 best matches)
- There will be a student governance body, often known as the Law School Council, at your law school. This Council usually has representatives from each of the three law school classes, including the first-year class. If you are interested in participating in law school governance work, you should become involved with the Council activities. You can get involved either by running for election as a class representative or by serving on one of the committees of the Council. These committees deal with a variety of law school subjects, such as the curriculum, faculty hiring, or the placement program. All of these subjects are important to your law school experience. Participation in these activities will give you a better understanding of the resources available from your law school and a more informed perspective on your law study. In addition, you typically will become better acquainted with faculty members and
- In addition to law school governance activities, your law school will have many other student organizations available for your active participation. The following is a list of some of the organizations that you may be able to join at your law school:
- If your law school does not have a student organization in an area of your interest, you should speak with the Dean of Students about how to create such an organization at your school. Participation in student organizations helps to develop organizational and leadership skills. It also will make your law school experience more enjoyable as you interact with other law students who share a common interest with you.
- In addition to the many student organizations, athletic activities are available at most law schools. These activities may be operated as part of the intramural program of the larger university or college of which the law school is a part. These intramural sports activities provide an opportunity for coeducational participation in sports programs, which are an additional way of building friendships with your law school classmates.
- If you will be attending law school full-time, you should try to avoid employment during your first year. Your hours will be more than consumed by your class preparation and attendance, as well as by other law school activities.
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Chapter 14 Beyond the First Year 41 results (showing 5 best matches)
- At most law schools, you cannot participate in the law school clinical program during your first year. You should take time during your first year, however, to identify the various clinical programs at your law school and find out what you need to do to participate in your later years in law school.
- If your law school grants academic credit for courses taken in other departments, consider taking some non-law school courses in your upperclass years. After having the benefit of training in critical thinking in your law school education, you will be astounded at how enriching the courses in other disciplines will be with your new perspective. These courses also can expand the context in which you evaluate issues in your law school classes. Some helpful non-law school courses include courses in the following subject areas: accounting, economics, finance, history, political science and public policy.
- You should participate in a program of international study offered by your law school or by another law school if at all possible. Studying abroad will give you a better understanding of how common legal issues are addressed by different legal systems in different cultures. You also will learn a great deal about the country in which you study, including its political and legal systems and its culture. The insights you gain will be valuable to you as the practice of law becomes increasingly globalized, and they will help you look at the American legal system from a broader perspective. International study programs often take place during the summer, but some schools also offer semester study abroad programs. If your school does not have the program you want, you may be able to attend another law school’s program and receive credit for it at your law school.
- As with clinical programs, you should take time during your first year to identify the various moot court programs at your law school and find out what you need to do to participate in them during your upperclass years in law school. Like law journals and clinical education courses, moot court programs require a substantial time commitment. For this reason, students usually are not able to participate in all three of these programs during their law school years.
- The Professional Responsibility course is a required upperclass course at virtually all law schools. Other than that course, there will be few, if any, required courses in your second and third years
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Chapter 2 Preparing to Enter Law School 19 results (showing 5 best matches)
- Before purchasing a computer, research your law school’s technology requirements. Your computer must be able to run the exam software used in your law school. Some law schools require students to purchase a computer and have requirements about what type of computers students must buy. Your law school may have a program that provides significant discounts on the purchase of a computer.
- If at all possible, visit your law school sometime before you arrive to begin your law studies. While there, it would be instructive for you to visit one or more law classes if school is in session. Usually, the admissions office is able to work out class attendance arrangements at least on certain days of the week. Explore the campus and discover what university and law school resources are available, such as medical clinics, athletic facilities, and bookstores.
- If it is possible, take your spouse or partner with you to visit the law school, classes, and campus, to provide him or her with a better understanding of what your life as a law student will be like. Many law schools have a special orientation for spouses and
- If you are traveling to another city for your law studies, you should plan on arriving some days in advance of the date classes begin. You will need time to find a place to live and to make all the other necessary living arrangements. Your law school may have dormitory rooms available for first-year law students, or you may decide to live in private housing. Some students prefer to live close to school. You will be spending a great deal of time in the law library, oftentimes late into the evening, and living close helps to minimize the commuting time. Because many students choose this option, however, the dorms and apartment buildings close to the law school are often full of law students and offer little separation between law school and the rest of your life. Other students prefer residences that are part of the local community because it provides more balance, despite the challenges of a longer commute. Regardless of your preference, it is important that you find a place to live...
- The time period covered by this chapter begins when you have received notice of your admission to law school and have responded that you will attend. It may be early in the calendar year, and classes will not begin until late summer. The weeks and months before you begin your actual law studies can be used to prepare for your law school experience.
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Chapter 1 Introduction 17 results (showing 5 best matches)
- Long after lawyers have graduated from law school, they talk about their law school experiences. The friendships made in law school will be some of your closest friendships for the rest of your life. In addition to your classes, law school offers opportunities for intellectual and personal growth through speakers, student organizations, and public interest activities. This demonstrates a very important point. Law school is not just a time of preparation for the rest of your life; it is also one of the high points of your life. Make a commitment to do
- During your first year of law school, you will have an opportunity to participate in many extracurricular activities. These are the subject of Chapter 13. The chapter also offers valuable advice for balancing the many demands on your time during your first year of law school. In Chapter 14, we introduce you to the challenges and opportunities you will have during your second and third years of law school.
- We have written this book in as practical a manner as possible to answer all the questions you might have about the study of law and the writing of law exams. Both authors have taught thousands of law students, and we have learned from them the kinds of questions beginning law students frequently have. We have included in this book all the practical advice we could to maximize your success, to ease your anxieties, and to remove the mystery about the study of law.
- Our book will guide you throughout the first year of law school as you begin to study law and to take law examinations. In the next chapter, we will begin by reviewing some preparations you should make before you begin the study of law. The months after you have been admitted to law school but before you begin your studies can be used to great advantage.
- Our purpose in writing this book is not only to make your law school experience as successful as possible, but also to make it enjoyable. Although it will be intellectually demanding, there is no reason why it should not also be a stimulating and enjoyable experience. We have observed that law students usually experience what they expect in their legal education. If you begin with an expectation of a long, grueling time of anxiety, you probably will find law school to be an unhappy experience. On the other hand, if you look forward to law school as one of the most exciting adventures of your life, you will find that to be true.
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Preface 8 results (showing 5 best matches)
- In the third edition of this book, the chapters have all been updated to ensure that they reflect the current law school experience. In particular, Chapter 7 on the law library and legal research has been substantially revised to discuss the greatly increased legal resources that are available online and current use of electronic legal research. The discussion of computers in Chapter 2 has been updated to describe the increased use of technology in law schools today. Also, the suggested reading list in Chapter 2 has been greatly expanded to include the many excellent new books about law, lawyers, and courts that have been published in the years since the second edition of this book. The exam questions and model answers have all been reviewed and updated to ensure they reflect current law.
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Chapter 4 What Do Lawyers Do? 130 results (showing 5 best matches)
- Another career choice for attorneys is to work in a law-related institution. For example, law schools hire lawyers to be faculty members and to serve in administrative positions in the school. To become a faculty member, you do not need an advanced law degree beyond the J.D. degree, but you can enhance your chances for such a position by having such an advanced degree, or by serving as an editor of one of your law school’s journals or as a law clerk for a judge. In addition, many other academic departments in higher education appoint lawyers to their faculty—usually to teach law-related subjects, such as business law in the business school or education law in the college of education. A number of other law-related institutions, such as bar associations, law research institutes and legal publishers, employ a large number of attorneys. They are employed to do legal research, to edit journals, to direct staff work and to provide management leadership for these organizations.
- This brief review shows that you have an enormous number of choices about the kind of law you can practice. In addition, you will have to decide where to practice. You might choose to practice in a small town, a large city, or overseas in the office of an American or foreign law firm. You may not be fully prepared to make these choices based upon the information you learn in law school. Studying a subject in law school may not give you a real feel for the practice of law in that area.
- As a reflection of the value of law study to many different careers, many law schools offer joint degree programs in which a student can obtain both a law degree and a degree in another discipline in less time than would be required to pursue the degrees
- Most students entering law school have not yet decided what they would like to do after graduation. Those students who do have a career plan often change their minds after starting their law studies. You should not worry if you are not now ready to make this choice.
- As you begin your law study, however, it will be helpful for you to think about what lawyers actually do with their legal training. This will enable you to have various career choices in mind as you consider various subjects in law school and make course selections.
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Chapter 12 Exams 39 results (showing 5 best matches)
- Almost everyone experiences anxiety about law school exams. Anxiety can be a useful motivator for studying. However, if anxiety is interfering with your ability to study, you should take time to learn to control it. Many books and other sources address the issues of anxiety and procrastination. Additionally, many schools offer help in dealing with these problems, often through the campus health service or counseling center. If you are experiencing one or both of these problems in law school, the chances are that they will continue to be problems for you when you practice law. Therefore, just as you are learning how to study law and to take law school exams, learn how to master anxiety and procrastination. These behaviors can be changed.
- Although the questions on a law school exam may take a variety of forms, the most common is the essay question. An essay question gives a fact pattern and requires you to apply the law you have learned to the fact pattern to reach a legal conclusion. The methods that you must use are the same as those you will use as a practicing lawyer. A client who is telling you about a problem will describe the facts of the situation. Your job is to analyze your client’s situation in light of the governing law. To do so, you must understand the relevant body of law, determine which facts are legally relevant, elicit any additional information that you need, and determine the outcome by applying the law to the facts. Therefore, a law school exam tests not only your mastery of the
- Past exams also are an excellent tool for reviewing the course materials and for practicing your test taking skills. By preparing answers to a previous year’s exam, you will discover how well you understand the subject matter, particularly if you work on the exam with other students. Working with other students also helps you spot all the issues raised by a question and demonstrates different methods for approaching an exam question. Write answers to past year’s questions within the time allocated for them both to get a sense how fast you will have to work during the exam and to practice budgeting your time. If your professor’s past exams are unavailable or if you want additional practice and insights into the types of questions that might be asked, you can look at exams given by other professors who have taught the course at your law school and find out whether exams from other law schools are available. Sample exam questions and answers also are available at the end of this book.
- LAW SCHOOL POLICIES
- In addition to talking with your professors, find out whether copies of past exams are available. Many law schools keep files of exams, usually in the law library and online. Look for exams given by your professors for the courses in which you will be tested. In this way, you can learn the type of test your professor has given in the past, such as essay, short answer, or multiple choice, and the types of questions your professor may be likely to ask.
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Chapter 5 The Study of Law 8 results (showing 5 best matches)
- Law school instruction has improved enormously in recent years. You will have more clinical educational programs, more skills training courses, more seminars, more interdisciplinary courses, and more international study opportunities than law students had even a few years ago. But the Socratic method of instruction, combined with the case method of analysis, continues to be the dominant pedagogical approach used in the first year of law school.
- This pedagogical approach was initially used by Dean Christopher Columbus Langdell when he was appointed Dean of the Harvard Law School nearly 150 years ago. Dean Langdell found that he could teach large numbers of students in a lecture hall effectively with this technique. Because the approach worked so well, it has been continued in law schools ever since, particularly in first-year courses. In fact, the Socratic method has been so effective in teaching large classes of students, it has enabled law schools to provide high quality instruction without the lower student-teacher ratio that is more common in other graduate studies. The Socratic method is further described in Chapter 9.
- OTHER LAW SCHOOL INSTRUCTION
- This entire book is intended to be a practical guide to assist you as you begin the study of law. It will be helpful, however, to take a few pages in this chapter to provide a brief overview of the objectives of the study of law. In this way, you will have a better understanding of the ultimate purpose of legal education before you get caught up in the daily preparation for your classes.
- The late U.S. Supreme Court Justice Felix Frankfurter, who was a law professor before his appointment to the Court, once said that the objective of legal education in the United States was not so much to teach law as to teach “lawyering.” By “lawyering,” Justice Frankfurter was referring to learning the critical analytical process that has become known as “thinking like a lawyer.”
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Chapter 7 Finding Your Way Around the Law Library 55 results (showing 5 best matches)
- Many different dictionaries are available. The two most common are Black’s Law Dictionary and Ballentine’s Law Dictionary. Your law library has print dictionaries available for your use while at school, and you also can access Black’s on WestlawNext and Ballentine’s on Lexis Advance.
- Legal research is the core of an attorney’s practice because of our system of law. The common law system is built on past decisions by courts and on laws enacted by legislatures. Therefore, to determine the state of the law on an issue, you must research at least the judicial precedents and legislative enactments on that issue. Your school’s law library will contain many, if not all, the tools you will need for your research.
- As a law student, you have unlimited access to the comprehensive legal research databases—which allow you to find and retrieve cases, statutes, administrative regulations, law journal articles, treatises, and many other materials—and you will conduct much of your research in law school using these resources. In the practice environment, however, your online access will be more limited due to cost. Therefore, it is important to develop skills in conducting legal research using both electronic and print sources. Understanding how legal information is organized in hard copy sources will help you understand how some of the online sources are organized and will prepare you to use print alternatives to online sources. Additionally, you should spend time in law school developing sophisticated online research skills so that you can conduct such research efficiently when database access, as well as your time, is more expensive.
- While C.J.S. and Am. Jur. 2d cover federal and state law, some legal encyclopedias deal only with the law of a particular state or subject. If a print encyclopedia is published for the state in which your law school is located, it will most likely be available in your library. WestlawNext and Lexis Advance both provide access to legal encyclopedias for selected states.
- Conducting legal research can be very complex. You will often require individualized guidance. Your school’s law librarians, many of whom have earned both a law degree and a master’s degree in library science, are one of the most important resources available to you. Because they are knowledgeable about the law, as well as about information sources, they are invaluable when you have a difficult legal research problem. A law librarian can help you develop a research strategy that will make the most effective use of the legal resources available and of your time. The law is the most extensively catalogued body of knowledge. Law librarians’ specialized training and experience make them the most effective guides.
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West Academic Publishing’s Law School Advisory Board 10 results (showing 5 best matches)
- Professor of Law, Yale Law School
- Earle K. Shawe Professor of Law, University of Virginia School of Law
- Law School Advisory Board
- Distinguished University Professor, Frank R. Strong Chair in LawMichael E. Moritz College of Law, The Ohio State University
- Professor of Law Emeritus, University of San Diego Professor of Law Emeritus, University of Michigan
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Sample Exam Questions and Answers 47 results (showing 5 best matches)
- This section of the book includes two exam questions and model answers for each of the six most common first-year courses: Civil Procedure, Constitutional Law, Contracts, Criminal Law, Property, and Torts. These questions are from actual law school examinations, and the model answers have been prepared by law professors. The questions are of varying lengths and types, and each includes a note that explains the best way to approach the problem.
- What are the rights and liabilities of the parties? Discuss claims, counterclaims, defenses, likelihoods of success, and policy considerations.
- commands. Indeed, Proposal 3, if expanded to include all racial minorities, could look a lot like the University of Michigan Law School plan upheld by a majority of the Supreme Court in
- You are the law clerk to Judge Neumann, who must decide these discovery disputes based on federal law. Advise Judge Neumann concerning:
- You are an associate in a law firm located in North Butte, the capital of the State of Ravinia. The senior litigation partner sent you the following memorandum and asked you to prepare a responsive memorandum. Assume that the law of Ravinia applies to the case. The Ravinia courts follow all majority common law rules. They are willing to extend or to change rules that do not reflect the trend of decisions or when compelling reasons of equity, policy, or justice warrant doing so.
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Chapter 9 Classroom Experience 15 results (showing 5 best matches)
- Moreover, the law does not stay the same. It is constantly evolving as courts, legislatures, agencies, and other lawmakers perform their assigned functions. Therefore, your legal knowledge quickly would become outdated if you simply memorized legal rules in law school. The Socratic method is designed to teach you how to determine the current state of the law and how to apply it to any situation.
- understandable. After enjoying years of academic success, law students are thrown into a difficult new field and are beginners again. Professors who are experts in the law challenge their thinking and, to make matters worse, do so in the public forum of the classroom. But the fear is as wrong as it is common.
- The hours you spend in law school classes will be among the most intense learning experiences of your life. You will feel the full gamut of emotions—from exhilaration to frustration. You will be actively engaged in a learning process that requires you to deal with society’s most profound issues, as well as with its most mundane. Unlike many college courses that you may have taken in the past, you will not be given a predigested diet of textbooks and lectures. You must make your own way through the thicket of the law. In this way, you will be best prepared for the practice of law.
- When you go to class, take your casebook, any assigned supplementary materials, such as a statute book, your case briefs, and your class notes. If you must miss a class, be sure to borrow one of your colleague’s class notes or, if your professor records the class, request a copy of the recording. The American Bar Association requires class attendance, and many law schools require you to get an excused absence before missing class, if possible. Find out what your school’s policy is for missed classes.
- If this process sounds intimidating, it can be, at least at first. Professors do not use the Socratic method because they hope to embarrass or intimidate you, but because it serves important educational functions. As a beginner, you probably have not had any experience with legal analysis. Legal analysis is exactly what the Socratic method is designed to teach you. When you practice law, clients will not present you with factual situations that exactly replicate a case you studied in law school. Instead, you will be required to deal with many varying sets of circumstances.
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Chapter 10 Learning After Class 8 results (showing 5 best matches)
- a variety of responsibilities, including research, writing, and administrative duties for the law school and for other professional organizations. Professors also must travel to testify before legislative bodies, to present papers at conferences, and for a variety of other purposes. However, effectively educating students is a top priority for your professors. Take advantage of their expertise about the law, course selections, legal practice, and maintaining a balanced life while in school.
- A popular image of law school includes students working in study groups. In fact, many students do work in study groups, but many others do not, and study groups take a variety of forms. Some groups meet throughout the semester, while others only meet just before exams. Some people work with the same study group for every class, while others work
- Relevant rules of law, including a description of each element that must be satisfied for the rule to apply and any differences among the jurisdictions;
- Your daily review, like your case briefs and class discussions, generally will focus on the law in bite-sized pieces. Therefore, the next step in learning is putting the pieces together. The best way is to prepare a written outline of the materials you have studied. This outline is not just a list of topics you have studied or a collection of your case briefs. Instead, it is your synthesis of the course materials.
- The analytic process that is required to prepare an outline is at least as valuable as the completed product. Organizing the materials requires you to determine the exact contours and focus of each doctrine. By working with the concepts, rather than just reading them, you will have better understanding and recall and will hone your analytic skills. Comprehensively stating the law that you have studied also will reveal weaknesses and gaps in your knowledge.
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Index 51 results (showing 5 best matches)
Outline 27 results (showing 5 best matches)
Chapter 11 Study Aids 18 results (showing 5 best matches)
- Flashcard sets, such as Law in a Flash, are available for many courses in the law school curriculum. Each set of flashcards is indexed and follows an organizational outline. Normally, a set of flashcards includes several hundred black letter and hypothetical questions. The front of the card asks the question, and the back gives a relatively brief answer. Flashcards also sometimes include mnemonic devices to aid retention.
- because hornbooks normally are hard-bound. However, cost does not have to be an issue because your law library’s collection will include the best hornbooks. In fact, hornbooks often are kept on reserve in the library because such a great demand exists for them. Moreover, a hornbook can be viewed as an investment for the future; unlike other types of study aids, you will use hornbooks in the practice of law, as well as in law school.
- You must be careful, however, not to let these benefits become detriments. Because this type of study aid provides an outline of the subject matter, you may be tempted to rely solely on it, rather than preparing your own outline. As described in Chapter 10, outlining is an important step in learning the subject matter, especially during your first year of law school. Additionally, because the outline is relatively brief, it often states the law in a simplified form. Your professor will expect you to have a more detailed knowledge of the law from your course work.
- In addition to the potential problems presented by the substance of study aids, the process by which you learn from them can be detrimental. Study aids generally present a fully digested statement of the law, thereby eliminating the necessity for independently analyzing and organizing it. In contrast, law school courses are designed to teach analytic skills. Rather than merely memorizing rules that may change even before you graduate, the case method requires you to evaluate cases, organize them into a comprehensible body of law, and apply them to new situations. Some students fall into the trap of believing either that they understand the law because they have read an entire study aid or that memorizing the rules in a study aid is sufficient exam preparation. The exam can be a rude awakening for them. To understand the law, you must do more than read an outline of it.
- of subjects. The exercises may be available through your law school, often free of charge.
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Chapter 8 Preparing for Class 17 results (showing 5 best matches)
- During the first year of law school and in many upper-level courses, your professors will use the case method. The assigned readings in your classes will consist largely of cases from the casebook for the course. Rather than reading a textbook description of the law, you will read the opinions that judges have written in actual lawsuits. Although technically the word “case” refers to the lawsuit itself, “case” also is used to refer to the judge’s written opinion.
- Third, briefing cases exercises skills you will use throughout your legal career. As a lawyer, you will have to read and analyze cases with a careful eye to detail. You also will have to summarize cases when writing legal memoranda, briefs, and other documents and when making oral arguments to courts. Because case briefing is such a valuable skill, the time and effort you spend perfecting it in law school will be repaid many times over.
- The best way to read a case is a matter of personal style. Many people read the entire case quickly to get a sense of it and then re-read it more carefully as many times as necessary to understand it fully. You may understand the case after one reading, but that will be unusual during the first few weeks of law school. The opinion often will include unfamiliar words and terms, which you should look up in a law dictionary. Learning the language of the law is like learning any other language. When you don’t know a
- Your law school classes will be different than other classes you have taken. Rather than reading textbooks and listening to lectures, you primarily will study judges’ decisions in actual cases and will engage in Socratic dialogues about them with your professors and colleagues. This chapter will help unravel some of the mysteries of class preparation and will tell you the best way to prepare for class. In the next chapter, you will learn about the Socratic dialogue and the ways to make the most of your class time.
- time by developing a list of abbreviations. Some common law school abbreviations are “P” or “Π” for “plaintiff,” “D” or “Δ” for “defendant,” and “K” for “contract.”
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Chapter 3 The American Legal System 27 results (showing 5 best matches)
- The law progresses by building on its past. Therefore, to understand the modern American legal system, you must understand its historical background. In your first year of law school, you may be asked to read decisions of seventeenth- and eighteenth century courts that include foreign phrases, such as
- The body of law applied in cases before the royal courts was called the common law, and the first three royal courts—Common Pleas, Exchequer, and King’s Bench—were called common law courts. The key feature of the common law system is that the law is created by judicial decisions in actual cases.
- Chancery attracted a great number of petitions because it was not bound by the common law court’s rigid rules of procedure and law. For example, Chancery could hear a case even if it did not fit within an existing writ, could conduct hearings without a jury when one would be required in a common law court, and could grant injunctions. Most important, however, Chancery was free to examine the particular facts of a case to determine the most equitable result, regardless of what the outcome would have been by applying the rules of law developed by the common law courts. For this reason, Chancery was designated a court of equity, and the common law courts were designated courts of law.
- The common law courts developed the doctrine of
- Because Chancery felt free to ignore the rules of the courts of law, two separate bodies of law and procedure developed. In fact, on the petition of a party who lost before a court of law, Chancery might overturn the result reached by that court. Chancery characterized its actions as buttressing, not circumventing, the courts of law by providing relief that otherwise would be unavailable. The judges of the courts of law were understandably skeptical, and the centuries during which this dual court system existed often were marked by a power struggle between them. In the nineteenth century, Chancery and the courts of law were merged.
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- Publication Date: July 14th, 2017
- ISBN: 9781683281856
- Subject: Academic Success
- Series: Nutshells
- Type: Overviews
- Description: It answers questions students have as they begin their studies. What is a tort? Hornbook? Should I join a study group? It also explains and gives examples of the best methods for studying and for taking exams. It provides questions and model answers from actual law school exams. The Nutshell also provides information about the types of legal practice that are available to you when you graduate. And it describes the opportunities that will be available to you during your second and third years of law school, such as law journals, law clinics, internships, joint degree programs, and study abroad.